Unlocking Nigeria’s Hydro-Energy Potential

Unlocking Nigeria's Hydro-Energy Potential: Turquoise Hydrogen vs. Green Hydrogen


In the pursuit of a sustainable and carbon-neutral future, hydrogen has emerged as a promising alternative to traditional fossil fuels based on an IRENA_Hydrogen_2019 report. With its zero-emission properties and potential for versatile applications, hydrogen holds the key to a cleaner and greener future. While green hydrogen has garnered significant attention, an alternative approach called turquoise hydrogen offers unique advantages for countries like Nigeria with an abundance of natural gas reserves. In this blog post, we will explore the deployment of turquoise hydrogen in Nigeria and compare it to green hydrogen,
highlighting the advantages, feasibility, and potential for implementation in the Nigerian context.

Understanding Turquoise Hydrogen

Turquoise hydrogen is a concept that bridges the gap between fossil fuels and green hydrogen. It involves the production of hydrogen from natural gas combined with carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies.

Aurora Hydrogen described turquoise hydrogen as hydrogen that is neither quite blue nor quite green but turquoise, derived from natural gas through a process called methane pyrolysis, which produces hydrogen while capturing and storing carbon emissions. Unlike green hydrogen, which relies on renewable energy sources for electrolysis, turquoise hydrogen offers a transitional solution by leveraging existing natural gas infrastructure. With the current buzz around carbon capture and storage, low carbon emission, energy transition, and climate change impact, turquoise hydrogen appears to be a viable option to be explored and implemented. This advantage makes it a suitable option for Nigeria because of its abundant natural gas reserves.

Hydrogen Production Process

Advantages of Turquoise Hydrogen for Nigeria

  • Abundant Natural Gas Reserves: Nigeria boasts of substantial natural gas reserves, positioning the country as a potential powerhouse and global player in turquoise hydrogen production. According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration, Nigeria has the largest proven natural gas reserves in Africa, estimated at over 200 trillion cubic feet. Leveraging existing infrastructure and expertise in the natural gas sector, Nigeria can swiftly tap into this resource and begin producing hydrogen at scale.
  • Cost-Effectiveness: Compared to green hydrogen, turquoise hydrogen production offers cost advantages due to the utilization of existing natural gas infrastructure. The implementation of turquoise hydrogen projects can be significantly lowered compared to green hydrogen which involves the implementation of renewables first. The International Energy Agency (IEA) estimates that turquoise hydrogen produced from natural gas could be produced at a cost of $0.5 to $1.7 per kilogram, while green hydrogen production costs are currently higher, around $3 to $8 per kilogram. This can accelerate the deployment of turquoise hydrogen, allowing Nigeria to transition to a low-carbon economy without extensive upfront investments. This also makes it an attractive option for Nigeria, allowing for more rapid and feasible deployment.
  •  Carbon Emission Reduction: By implementing CCS technologies, turquoise hydrogen production enables Nigeria to significantly reduce carbon emissions associated with natural gas utilization. This aligns with global climate goals while providing an immediate and tangible impact on the country’s carbon footprint. 
  • Socio-Economic Benefits: The deployment of turquoise hydrogen in Nigeria brings significant socio-economic benefits. Firstly, it helps diversify the energy sector, reducing the country’s reliance on fossil fuels and enhancing energy security. Secondly, it creates new job opportunities, driving economic growth and fostering technological advancements. Furthermore, the export potential of turquoise hydrogen can position Nigeria as a global hydrogen supplier, boosting its economy and international standing.
Nigeria’s Energy Transition Plan

Infrastructure Readiness and Market Environment

  • Existing Natural Gas Infrastructure and Infrastructure Compatibility: One of the major challenge in adopting green hydrogen is the requirement for new and extensive infrastructure, including dedicated renewable energy sources and electrolysis facilities. In contrast, turquoise hydrogen can be integrated into the existing natural gas infrastructure. Nigeria has an extensive network of pipelines, refineries, and storage facilities for natural gas. This infrastructure can be repurposed for turquoise hydrogen production, minimizing the need for substantial infrastructure investments and expediting the deployment process. This compatibility enables Nigeria to leverage its established natural gas infrastructure and quickly transition to a hydrogen-based economy.
  • Established Market for Natural Gas: Nigeria already has a well-established market for natural gas, both domestically and internationally. This existing market can facilitate the transition to turquoise hydrogen by leveraging existing supply chains, distribution
    networks, and commercial agreements. In addition, Nigeria possesses the necessary expertise and infrastructure to support the production and distribution of turquoise hydrogen. More so, the country’s commitment to renewable energy targets and the growing demand for clean energy solutions create a favorable market environment for turquoise hydrogen adoption.

Overcoming Challenges and Ensuring Success

  • Government Support and Policies: To accelerate turquoise hydrogen deployment, the Nigerian government can play a pivotal role by implementing supportive policies, incentivizing investment, and fostering collaboration between the public and private sectors. Clear regulatory frameworks and favorable market conditions will further encourage the adoption of turquoise hydrogen technologies.
  •  Research and Development: Investing in research and development initiatives focused on turquoise hydrogen will enhance Nigeria’s expertise in this field. Collaboration with international partners, academic institutions, and industry experts can foster knowledge exchange and innovation, making Nigeria a regional hub for turquoise hydrogen production.
  • Public Awareness and Stakeholder Engagement: Turquoise hydrogen is still a novel concept in Nigeria. Building public awareness and support for turquoise hydrogen is crucial for its successful implementation. Engaging stakeholders, including local communities, industry players, and environmental organizations, can create a shared vision and mobilize resources for the adoption of turquoise hydrogen in Nigeria.


As Nigeria looks to transition to a sustainable energy future, the deployment of turquoise hydrogen presents a compelling opportunity. Leveraging its natural gas reserves, existing infrastructure, and favorable market environment, Nigeria can adopt turquoise hydrogen as a viable and cost-effective alternative. With the right strategies, government support, and stakeholder engagement, Nigeria can become a trailblazer in turquoise hydrogen production, driving both economic growth and environmental sustainability

Share & follow us

Contact Us